British Commonwealth Gallantry, Meritorious and Distinguished Service Awards - The Military Medal
About the Military Medal
The Military Medal (MM) was instituted in 1916 during the First World War. It was awarded to non commissioned officers and other ranks of the Army for acts of bravery for which the award of the Distinguished Conduct Medal (DCM) was not considered appropriate. Over 2500 MMs were awarded to New Zealanders, the most recent being in Vietnam. In 1993, the MM was replaced in the United Kingdom by the Military Cross for all ranks.
In 1999 the MM was replaced in New Zealand by the New Zealand Gallantry Decoration.
Many British awards have a considerable history and the Royal Warrants which instituted them have been subject to significant amendment during their currency. More information on the Royal Warrants and criteria for the British Gallantry, Meritorious and Distinguished Service Awards can be found in the publications listed in the Bibliography. A publication titled British Gallantry Awards by P.E. Abbott and J.M.E. Tamplin is particularly recommended.
Most Gallantry, Meritorious and Distinguished Service Awards do not have separate Regulations. Instructions for their administration are usually included in the Royal Warrant.
Clasps and Bars
Bars were awarded for subsequent acts of bravery.
Order of Wear
The position of this award in the Wearing of Medals in New Zealand Table can be viewed here.
New Zealand military recipients of the MM in the Second World War
For a list of New Zealand military recipients of the MM in the Second World War, see James Sutherland, Gallantry Awards to New Zealanders in World War Two, pp.64-94 and 182. (Published in 1989).
Sutherland's book provides a list, ordered by service [Navy, Army, Air Force] and then by award, of all known gallantry awards to New Zealand military personnel for service during the Second World War. Includes gallantry awards from New Zealand, Britain, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, France, Greece, the Netherlands, Poland, the United States, the USSR, and Yugoslavia. Includes a brief biography on each individual - usually two to four lines.
An example of a MM citation can be read on the NZDF website.
Information on how to find the citations for gallantry awards to New Zealand military personnel for acts of gallantry during the First and Second World Wars can be found here.