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A Bibliography of Useful Medals Publications

The Bibliography lists some of the books and journal articles written about medals. It is not exhaustive, but gives an indication of what may be available in various libraries.

Prime Reference

The prime reference for all Orders, Decorations and Medals are the Royal Warrants, and the Regulations or Command Papers pertaining to them together with any subsequent amending or extending Royal Warrants, Regulations or Command Papers.

Defence Library

Defence Library HQNZDF staff, who have been based in Trentham, Upper Hutt since the November 2016 Kaikoura earthquake, are available to assist the public in accessing the library's resources and with any research enquiries. Please phone or e-mail the Reference Librarian to make an appointment or discuss their query. The catalogue is not available on the Internet, but it can be accessed from a terminal in the library. Holdings are also listed on "Te Puna" which can be searched at any public library. Although members of the public may not borrow from the collection, most titles are available via a local or academic library by inter-library loan. A photocopier is available for use for a small charge.

QUICK LINKS WITHIN THIS BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bibliography

New Zealand Medals, Honours and Awards

  • Oldham, Geoffrey P. and Delahunt, Brett. Orders, Decorations and Medals Awarded to New Zealanders: An Illustrated Guide for Collectors. (1991) (116 pages).
  • McGibbon, Ian (editor). The Oxford Companion to New Zealand Military History. (2000) (653 pages). (Especially of interest are the entries on: Honours and Awards, pp.224-227; the Victoria Cross, pp.558-561; and the New Zealand Cross, pp.361-362).
  • O'Shea, Phillip P. Honours, Titles, Styles, and Precedence in New Zealand. (1977) (215 pages). Published by E.C. Keating, Government Printer, Wellington. Contains the rules (as at 1977) on titles and styles in New Zealand. The directions on how to mount and wear honours and awards (including medals) are still very useful. On pp.56-187 there is a comprehensive list (as at 1 December 1976) of (then living) New Zealand holders of the Victoria Cross and George Cross, Members of all Orders of Chivalry (including Knights), and Orders, and Knights' Bachelor. Also in the list are the then living holders of the Queen's Service Medal (pp.182-184), the Queen's Police Medal (for Distinguished Service) (pp.185-186), and the Queen's Fire Service Medal (for Distinguished Service) (pp.186-187).
  • Harper, Glyn and Richardson, Colin. In the Face of the Enemy: The Complete History of the Victoria Cross and New Zealand. (2006) (272 pages).
  • Bryant G.A. Where the Prize is Highest: The Stories of the New Zealanders who won the Victoria Cross. (1972) (181 pages).
  • Moorhead, Murray. The Queen's Heroes: Victoria & New Zealand Crosses. (2005) (233 pages). Published by Zenith Publishing, New Plymouth. (Provides detailed information on the New Zealand and British military personnel who were awarded the Victoria Cross, or the New Zealand Cross, for their actions during the New Zealand Wars of the 1860s).
  • Goodwin, Tony. 'For Valour: The Story of NZ401793 James Allen Ward VC RNZAF', in The Volunteers: The Journal of the New Zealand Military Historical Society (Inc), vol.38, no.1, July 2012, pp.35-47.
  • Brewer, Mark. 'NZ Army's forgotten VC: Hero to zero in one argument' - Lieutenant H.R. Martineau VC, in The Volunteers: The Journal of the New Zealand Military Historical Society (Inc), vol.34, no.3, March 2009, pp.195-229. (Lieutenant Martineau was awarded the Victoria Cross for his service in a South African unit during the Boer War.  He served in the New Zealand Army during the First World War. The article also provides useful summaries of the service of 12 other VC winners who have connections with New Zealand).
  • Campbell, Emma. 'The Metal Behind the Medal: Is the Victoria Cross really made from Russian cannons?', in Wartime: Official Magazine of the Australian War Memorial, Issue 62, Autumn 2013, pp.50-51.
  • Kieran, Brian L. The New Zealand Cross: The rarest bravery award in the world. (2013) (316 pages). Published by Brian L. Kieran.
  • O’Shea, P.P. The Unknown Few. The Story of the holders of the George Cross, the Empire Gallantry Medal, and the Albert Medals associated with New Zealand. (1981)
  • Haigh, J. Bryant and Polaschek, Alan J. New Zealand and the Distinguished Service Order. (1993) (468 pages). Published by Medals Research.
  • Sutherland, James. The Distinguished Service Order, 1924-2008: with service and biographical details of recipients. (2009) (530 pages). Published by Savannah, London. This book contains information on more than 4,800 Commonwealth recipients, including New Zealanders. Recipients are listed alphabetically by surname.
  • Polaschek, Alan J. The Complete New Zealand Distinguished Conduct Medal. Revised edition, published Christchurch: Medals Research Christchurch, 1983. (359 pages). This book contains citations, brief biographies, and lists of other medals awarded to the 525 New Zealand military recipients of the Distinguished Conduct Medal between 1899 and 1970. The book also provides the date, and page reference, that the award was notified in the London Gazette or New Zealand Gazette.
  • Sutherland, James. Gallantry Awards to New Zealanders in World War Two. (1989) (206 pages) (Provides a list, ordered by service [Navy, Army, Air Force] and then by award, of all known gallantry awards to New Zealand military personnel for service during the Second World War.  Includes gallantry awards from New Zealand, Britain, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, France, Greece, the Netherlands, Poland, the United States, the USSR, and Yugoslavia. Includes a brief biography on each individual - usually two to four lines).
  • Black, E.A. New Zealand Honours and Awards for services in Korea, Malaya & South Vietnam 1950-1972.
  • Statutes of the New Zealand Order of Merit
  • Statutes of the Queen’s Service Order
  • Cowan, J. The New Zealand Wars (2 volumes). (1969 reprint)
  • Gudgeon, T.W. Heroes of New Zealand and Maori History of the War. (1887)
  • Stowers, Richard. The New Zealand Medal to Colonials: Detailed medal rolls of officers and men in colonial units who received the New Zealand Medal for service in the New Zealand Wars, 1845-1872. (8th updated edition, Hamilton, 2005) (194 pages)
  • Fevyer, W.H. and Wilson, J.W. “The New Zealand Medal 1845-47, 1860-66, The Abyssinian War Medal 1867, to the Royal Navy and The Royal Marines” (no date, published by (or possibly re-printed by) Naval and Military Press). This book provides lists of Royal Navy and Royal Marines personnel who have awarded the New Zealand Medal, and/or the Abyssinian War Medal.  The lists of names in this book have been transcribed from Admiralty Medal Roll records held in the custody of the UK Public Record Office (now the National Archives) at Kew, England, where they are available for public examination under the reference: ADM 171/16 (the reference is correct as at 7 January 2008).
  • * Royal Navy Service personnel records from the mid-19th Century (and up to the mid 1920s) are held at the National Archives at Kew, England. These personnel records (probably just a single sheet) may also be available on-line at Kew: www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline and on-line copies may be purchased.
  • Stowers, Richard. Rough Riders at War. (3rd updated edition, Hamilton, 2004) (222 pages). (Includes nominal rolls of the New Zealand contingents who fought during the South African War, 1899-1902).
  • McDonald, Wayne. Honours and Awards to the New Zealand Expeditionary Force in the Great War 1914-1918. (Revised 2nd edition, Hamilton, 2009) (292 pages). (Includes citations for the gallantry awards to New Zealand military personnel for their First World War service. The information on, and citations for, each individual are listed alphabetically by surname. The book also provides the date, and page reference, that the award was notified in the London Gazette).
  • Hanson, C.M. By Such Deeds Honours and Awards in the Royal New Zealand Air Force 1923-1999. (Christchurch: Volplane Press, 2001) (608 pages).  This book contains the citations for many of the gallantry awards, bravery awards, and State Honours awarded to New Zealand air force personnel for their service since between 1923 and 1999.  For Air Force personnel who also received gallantry awards for the First World War (usually as Army personnel) these awards and citations are also listed. Short biographies and citation(s) for each individual are listed alphabetically by surname.
  • Chamberlain, H.E. Service Lives Remembered. The Meritorious Service Medal in New Zealand and its recipients 1895-1994. (Wellington, 1995)
  • Martyn, Errol W. For Your Tomorrow: New Zealanders who have died while serving with the RNZAF and Allied Air Services since 1915. (volume 1: 1915-1942; volume 2: 1943-1998; and volume 3: Biographies and Appendices). (1998, 1999 and 2008)
  • Wynn, Kenneth G. A Clasp for 'the Few': A biographical account of New Zealand pilots and aircrew who flew operationally with RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain, 10th July to 31st October, 1940. (1981) (470 pages)
  • MacKenzie, Alastair. The Sounds Soldiers' Memorial: Stories of the Fallen - The Stories of the Men from the Marlborough Sounds, New Zealand who died in World War One or World War Two and are commemorated on the Sounds Soldiers' Memorial. (Nelson, 2015) (224 pages). This book tells the stories of the 29 men commemorated on this memorial, including personal details, military service and medals awarded, as well as newspaper articles, personal letters and photographs.
  • McGibbon, Ian. New Zealand and the Korean War, Volume II: Combat Operations. (1996) (508 pages). (Appendix II, pp.373-378, lists the New Zealand military personnel who received Royal Honours or gallantry, meritorious or distinguished service awards for their service in Korea.  Appendix XI, pp.398-413, provides brief biographical details on many of these individuals).
  • Pugsley, Christopher. From Emergency to Confrontation: The New Zealand armed forces in Malaya and Borneo, 1949-1966. (2003) (528 pages). (Appendix 2, pp.360-365, lists the New Zealand military personnel who received Royal Honours or gallantry, meritorious or distinguished service awards from New Zealand or Malaya / Malaysia for service during the Malayan Emergency or the Confrontation).
  • Crawford, John. In The Field for Peace: New Zealand’s Contribution to International Peace-Support Operations: 1950-1995. (1996) (84 pages). Published by the New Zealand Defence Force. (This book discusses New Zealand military and police contributions to United Nations missions from 1950 to 1995, including the Korean War, as well as New Zealand military involvement in the Commonwealth Monitoring Force in Rhodesia / Zimbabwe in 1979 and 1980, the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO) in the Sinai desert since 1982, the 1990-1991 Gulf War, the Multinational Interception Force in the Arabian Gulf in 1995 and 1996, and support for the Bougainville peace talks in 1990 and 1994.  An A4 size page format book, with extensive use of colour photographs).
  • Bowd, Reuben R.E. Doves Over the Pacific: In Pursuit of Peace and Stability in Bougainville, (2007) (260 pages). Published by the Australian Military History Press. (Appendices 1 to 11, pp.146-183, provide nominal rolls of Australian and New Zealand military personnel who served in Bougainville between 1990 and 2003 on Operation Big Talk (1990), Operation Porteous / Lagoon (1994), and with the Truce Monitoring Group (TMG) and Peace Monitoring Group (PMG) / Operation Belisi (1997 to 2003) ).
  • Crawford, John and Harper, Glyn. Operation East Timor: The New Zealand Defence Force in East Timor, 1999-2001. (2001) (232 pages). Published by Reed Publishing (NZ) Ltd. (This book provides a detailed discussion of the service by New Zealand military personnel in East Timor between 1999 and August 2001.  It includes hundreds of photographs and a nominal roll of New Zealand Defence Force personnel who served in East Timor between 1999 and August 2001.  Appendix B, pp.174-176, of this book provides a list of "Honours, Awards and Commendations Received for Service in East Timor and in Support of Operations in East Timor" between 1999 and August 2001 by New Zealand Defence Force personnel.  The honours, awards and commendations listed are the New Zealand Gallantry Star, the Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit, the Officer of the New Zealand Order of Merit, the New Zealand Gallantry Decoration, the Member of the New Zealand Order of Merit, the Chief of Defence Force Commendation, the Chief of General Staff Commendation, and the Chief of Air Staff Commendation).
  • Wills, John D. To Guard My People: Honours and Awards to the Police in New Zealand 1861-1995. (1995) (349 pages). Published by the New Zealand Police Force. (This book provides useful discussions of the Coronation Medal 1953, the Queen's Silver Jubilee Medal 1977, the New Zealand 1990 Commemoration Medal, and the New Zealand Suffrage Centennial Medal 1993. Also provided are the lists of New Zealand Police recipients of the United Nations Medal for the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) for service between 1964 and 1967, and the United Nations Transition Assistance Group (UNTAG) for service in Namibia between 1989 and 1990, the Coronation Medal 1953, the Queen's Silver Jubilee Medal 1977, and the New Zealand Suffrage Centennial Medal 1993).
  • Brewer, Mark. 'New Zealand and the Légion d'honneur: The Great War', in The Volunteers: The Journal of the New Zealand Military Historical Society (Inc) - Three articles: Part 1 - vol.37, no.2, November 2011, pp.111-125. Part 2 - vol. 37, no. 3, March 2012, pp.171-180. Part 3 - vol. 38, no. 1, July 2012, pp.7-23. Part 3 contains a full list (pp.20-23) of the awards discussed in the three articles. Part 3 also lists and discusses the service of the nine New Zealand First World War veterans who were decorated by the French Government in 1998 with the Croix de Chevalier of the Légion d'honneur to mark the 80th anniversary of the end of the First World War (pp.13-17).
  • Brewer, Mark. 'New Zealand and the Légion d'honneur: The Mid-War Period' (1919-1939), in The Volunteers: The Journal of the New Zealand Military Historical Society (Inc), vol.39, no.1, July 2013, pp.25-35.

British and British Commonwealth Medals, Honours and Awards

  • The Medal Yearbook (published annually by Token Publishing Ltd). Mussell, John W., and the Editorial Team of Medal News. (Since 2006, The Medal Yearbook has also contained sections on the medals, honours and awards of Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa).
  • Duckers, Peter. British Campaign Medals 1815-1914. (2000)
  • Duckers, Peter. British Campaign Medals 1914-2000. (2001, 40 pages, high quality colour photographs)
  • Duckers, Peter. British Gallantry Awards 1855-2000. (2001, 60 pages, high quality colour photographs)
  • Abbott, P.E. and Tamplin, J.M.A. British Gallantry Awards. (1978)
  • The Victoria Cross Register. This England publication.
  • Perrett, Bryan. For Valour: Victoria Cross and Medal of Honor Battles. (2003) (377 pages) (This book provides a brief history and origin of each award, and then examines a wide range of battles in which these awards were earnt by British Commonwealth and United States service persons).
  • The George Cross Register. This England publication.
  • Dorling, Captain H. Taprell. Ribbons and Medals. 20th edition (1983). Edited and revised by Alec A. Purves
  • Hayward, J.B. & Son. Honours and Awards of the Army, Navy and Air Force 1914-20. (1979)
  • Joslin, E.C., Litherland, A.R., and Simpkin, B.T. British Battles and Medals. 6th edition, published 1988.
  • Mayo, J.H. Medals and Decorations of the British Army and Navy. (1897)
  • Purves, Alec A. The Medals, Decorations and Orders of the Great War 1914-1918. 2nd revised edition (1989)
  • Wilson, John. 'British Battle Clasps of the First World War', in The Volunteers: The Journal of the New Zealand Military Historical Society (Inc), vol.39, no.2, November 2013, pp.94-103.
    • John Wilson's article is based on the documents in two files at Archives New Zealand, Wellington:
      • - R22433114; was 48/131, Medals, Honours etc: War Medals, Great War, Issue of Clasps
      • - R10701469; was 27/133/3, Reinforcements, Battle Clasps
      • (both in Series AAYS, Army Department; formerly Series AD)
  • Purves, Alec A. The Medals, Decorations and Orders of the WW II 1939-45. (1986)
  • Tinson, Lt Col Ashley, R. “Medals Will be Worn”, Wearing medals Past and Present 1844–1999.
  • De la Bere, Sir Ivan. The Queen’s Orders of Chivalry. (1961)
  • Tozer, C.W. The Insignia and Medals of the Grand Priory of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem. (1975)
  • Creagh, Sir O'Moore (until 1920) and Humphris, E. M. (editors). The V.C. and D.S.O.: A complete record of all those officers, non-commissioned officers and men of His Majesty's naval, military and air forces who have been awarded those decorations / (published in three volumes, ca.1924. Includes New Zealand military personnel. Volume I records the awards of the Victoria Cross; Volumes II and III record the awards of the Distinguished Service Order. Each entry contains biographical information, descriptions of the deeds of valour which earnt the awards, and often a photograph or portrait of the recipient. Reprinted in 1978 by J.B. Hayward in two volumes: the first entitled The Victoria Cross, 1856-1920; the second entitled The Distinguished Service Order, 1886-1923).

United Nations Medals

  • Borts, Lawrence H. United Nations Medals and Missions: The Medals and Ribbons of the United Nations. (1998) (102 pages). Published by Medals of America Press. (This book covers all United Nations missions between 1948 and 1998.  For each mission Borts provides information on the mandate and background of the mission, the country/location, the dates of the mission, the countries participating, the maximum numerical strength of the mission, the strength at withdrawal or at date of publication of the book, the number of fatalities, details on the medal and ribbon for the mission, and the number of days' service required to qualify for award of the medal).
  • For information on the New Zealand military and police involvement in these United Nations missions see In The Field for Peace: New Zealand’s Contribution to International Peace-Support Operations: 1950-1995, by John Crawford (1996) (84 pages) (as listed in the New Zealand Medals, Honours and Awards section of this bibliography).
  • For a very thorough and informative discussion of all United Nations missions between 1948 and 1996 see The Blue Helmets: A Review of United Nations Peace-keeping 1948-96, third edition, authored and published by the United Nations in 1996 (808 pages). The Blue Helmets also includes detailed maps.

Australian Medals, Honours and Awards

  • Campaign and Operational Medals Awarded to the Australian Defence Force [between 1845 and 2003].  Australian Government - Department of Defence (2nd edition, published December 2003) (40 pages). (A very well presented glossy book, with high quality colour photographs, about medals awarded to Australian military personnel).
  • Long Service and Other Non-Operational Medals Awarded to the Australian Defence Force [between 1830 and 2002].  Australian Government - Department of Defence (1st edition, published December 2002) (32 pages). (A very well presented glossy book, with high quality colour photographs, about medals awarded to Australian military personnel).
  • The second of the above books can be purchased from the Australian War Memorial, Canberra. The cost of this book is $8.95 (Australian). The postal address for purchases is: Memorial Shop, Australian War Memorial, GPO Box 345, CANBERRA ACT 2601, AUSTRALIA; or by e-mail: memorial.shop@awm.gov.au .  The first book is out of print, as at 29 October 2007.
  • Grebert, Rick.  The Significance of Ribbon Colours on Medals worn since 1815 by Australians. (2007) (136 pages). (This book includes colour photographs of British and United Nations medal ribbons, in addition to Australian medal ribbons).
  • Johnson, Clive.  Australians Awarded: A Concise Guide to Military and Civilian Decorations, Medals and other Awards to Australians from 1815 to 2007 with their Valuations. (1st edition, 2008) (359 pages). (This book includes both official and unofficial medals and awards to military, police, fire, ambulance and corrections personnel and to civilians).

Canadian Medals, Honours and Awards

  • McCreery, Christopher. The Canadian Honours System. (2005) (408 pages). Published by Dundurn Press, Toronto.
  • McCreery, Christopher. The Order of Military Merit. (2012) (269 pages in English, plus the Register of Appointments and Promotions 1972-2012 - 51 pages). Published by National Defence Headquarters, Ottawa.
  • McCreery, Christopher. The Canadian Forces Decoration. (2011) (97 pages in English, plus Appendices, Glossary and Index - 55 pages). Published by National Defence Headquarters, Ottawa.
  • McCreery, Christopher. On Her Majesty's Service - Royal Honours and Recognition in Canada. (2008) (79 pages, plus Appendices, Bibliography and Index - 94 pages). Published by Dundurn Press.
  • Canadian Honours and Awards bestowed upon members of the Canadian Forces. (2005) (48 pages). Published by National Defence, Canada.
  • Blatherwick, Francis John (Surgeon Commander). Canadian Orders, Decorations and Medals. (5th edition, 2003). Published by The Unitrade Press, Toronto.

United States Medals, Honours and Awards

  • Foster, Frank C. (Colonel, Rtd), and Borts, Lawrence H.   A Complete Guide to United States Military Medals 1939 to Present. (5th edition, 2000) (143 pages). Published by MOA [Medals of America] Press, Fountain Inn, South Carolina.
  • Robles, Philip K. United States Military Medals and Ribbons. (1971).
  • Perrett, Bryan. For Valour: Victoria Cross and Medal of Honor Battles. (2003) (377 pages) (This book provides a brief history and origin of each award, and then examines a wide range of battles in which these awards were earnt by British Commonwealth and United States service persons).

Cambodian Medals, Honours and Awards

  • Oldham, Geoffrey P., and Delahunt, Brett. Cambodian Decorations of Honour. (2004) (129 pages). Published by Milymem Books, Auckland.

Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) Medals, Honours and Awards

  • Sylvester, John, and Foster, Frank C.  The Decorations and Medals of the Republic of Vietnam and her Allies, 1950-1975. (1995) (95 pages).  Published by MOA [Medals of America] Press, Fountain Inn, South Carolina.

Imperial Roman Awards (Classical Period)

  • Gilliver, Kate. 'Display in Roman Warfare: The Appearance of Armies and Individuals on the Battlefield', War In History, Volume 14, Number 1, January 2007, pp.1-21. (In particular, see section IV. 'Decorations for Valour', pp.17-21).

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