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Frequently Asked Medallic Questions

New NZ Defence Service Medal

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New awards for Second World War service - Arctic Star and the Bomber Command clasp (FAQ updated on 30 May 2013)

Q. Where can I find information on the new awards for Second World War service in the Arctic and with Bomber Command?

A. See 'Applications open for the Arctic Star and the Bomber Command clasp' news item (30 May 2013) on the Breaking News page of our website.

Review of medals for military service in South-East Asia 1950 to 2011 (consultation closed on 23 August 2011)

Q. Where can I find information on the review of medals for service in South-East Asia since 1950?

A. See the South-East Asia medallic review page of our website.

Also see: - CDF's media release of 12 July 2011: Consultation begins on medals for military service in South-East Asia 1950 to 2011

Q. When was the deadline for putting in a submission about medals for service in South-East Asia?

A. The deadline was Tuesday 23 August 2011. Also see our FAQs about the SE Asia review.

Review of long service awards (FAQ added 10 September 2012)

Q. Where can I find information on the review of long service awards?

A. See the Latest updates on the long service awards review on the Breaking News page of our website.

Q. I have heard that the Government has approved some principles about medallic recognition for long military service. Where can I find them?

A. See the Principles for the Medallic Recognition of Long Service in the New Zealand Armed Forces (from 2012) section on the Medals in New Zealand page of our website.

Canterbury Earthquake 2011 (FAQ added 15 February 2013)

Q. Is there any plan to introduce a NZDF citation for personnel involved in the rescue and recovery efforts after the Canterbury earthquakes of 2010 and 2011?

A. The NZDF will not be introducing a Citation to recognise NZDF personnel who were in Christchurch during the state of emergency. While NZDF personnel were on the ground in the affected areas, many others supported the rescue efforts in various ways; by manning and maintaining the ships and aircraft delivering aid materials, by working in kitchens and medical facilities, and by performing additional duties covering for those who had been deployed on earthquake support tasks. It could be argued that all members of the NZDF contributed in some way to the Canterbury relief effort, and as such it is inappropriate to recognise only those who were physically in Christchurch during the state of emergency.

Formal recognition will be by way of the NZ Bravery Awards, NZ Royal Honours, CDF Commendations and Service Chief Commendations.

Q. Can I wear my '2011 Canterbury Earthquake Citation' from the NZ Police on my NZDF uniform?

A. No. Some NZDF personnel may receive a '2011 Canterbury Earthquake Citation' in recognition of their work with the Police in the affected area. If they are also a member of the Police they may wear the Citation on that uniform, however the Citation is not to be worn on NZDF uniform. This decision is consistent with the NZDF policy of only military or whole-of-government citations being given permission to be worn on NZDF uniform.

The same conditions apply to any similar forms of recognition that might be issued in the future by other agencies present in Christchurch, such as the Order of St John and the New Zealand Fire Service. 

Note 1: If you are attending a particular function or event wearing civilian clothing (e.g. a suit) then it is your choice whether or not you wear the 2011 Canterbury Earthquake Citation as a lapel badge (e.g. on your suit jacket). The prohibition on wear only applies to NZDF uniform.

Note 2: On 26 June 2012, the Commissioner of Police announced that a “2011 Canterbury Earthquake Citation” will acknowledge approximately 3,200 members of the NZ Police who worked in or were deployed to Christchurch during the state of emergency period of 22 February to 30 April 2011.  The Citation will be worn by Police personnel as a dress distinction on the right side of their uniform.

The New Zealand Defence Service Medal

Q. Where can I find information on the New Zealand Defence Service Medal?

A. See the FAQ and Updates - NZ Defence Service Medal page of our website.

Also see: - Applying for the NZDSM online

- Paper application forms for the NZDSM

Compulsory Military Training (CMT) 1950-1959 and National Service 1962-1972 (FAQ updated 15 April 2011)

Q. Is there a New Zealand medal for Compulsory Military Training (CMT)? I served in the 6th CMT intake in 1951.

A. A medal for those who completed their CMT obligations under the Military Training Act 1949 and amendments was instituted in April 2011. For more information see the NZ Defence Service Medal page of our website.

Q. Is there a New Zealand medal for National Service? I completed my National Service in 1967.

A. A medal for those who completed their CMT obligations under the Military Training Act 1949 and amendments was instituted in April 2011. For more information see the NZ Defence Service Medal page of our website.

Military service in New Zealand since 3 September 1945 (FAQ updated 15 April 2011)

Q. Is there a medal for military service in New Zealand? I served for five years in the Royal New Zealand Air Force in the 1960s.

A. A medal for those who have served in the New Zealand military for three years or more since 3 September 1945 (the day after the end of the Second World War) was instituted in 2011. The service qualifying for this medal includes Regular Force service, service in the Territorial Forces (Army, Navy and Air), and completion of Compulsory Military Training (CMT) or national military service obligations. For more information see the NZ Defence Service Medal page of our website.

Eligibility for medals, and replacement of medals and ribbons

Q. I am an ex-service person. How can I find out if I am eligible for any medals?

A. You should complete our electronic contact form for enquiries about medals eligibility or write to the Medals Office, Headquarters New Zealand Defence Force, Private Bag 905, Upper Hutt 5140, stating your full name, rank and official number and your current contact address. The Medals Office staff will research your file and provide you with a response to your question. Alternatively you can check the Medals by Campaign table here.

Q. I have lost or mislaid my medals and would like to know if they can be replaced?

A. Yes, replacement is possible provided you are prepared to sign an official affidavit swearing that you have lost your medals. You should write to the Medals Office, Headquarters New Zealand Defence Force, Private Bag 905, Upper Hutt 5140, stating your full name, rank and official number and your current contact address. The Medals Office staff will send you a copy of the affidavit for you to complete and sign. There will be a cost for your replacement medals.

Q. My father, who died in 1980, served in the Second World War and claimed his medals in 1954. At some stage our family has lost track of his medals. Can I obtain a replacement set from the NZDF?

A. Unfortunately, no. NZDF policy is that replacement medals are only issued (and at cost) during the lifetime of the person to whom they were originally awarded. The best option for you would be to contact a militaria dealer who should be able to sell you a set of the medals your father qualified for. Because Second World War medals were issued without being engraved, there should be no obvious difference between the medals your father originally received and a replacement set of original Second World War medals. Militaria dealers are often listed under 'Coin Dealers' in your local Telecom Yellowpages.

Q. Some of the ribbons on my medals have been badly damaged. Can I replace them?

A. Yes, you should write to the Medals Office, Headquarters New Zealand Defence Force, Private Bag 905, Upper Hutt 5140 listing the ribbons you need.

Engraving of medals

Q. My grandfather's medals for service for New Zealand during the Second World War are not engraved. Should these medals have been engraved?

A. Campaign medals awarded for service for New Zealand during the Second World War were issued unengraved. The same no engraving policy was applied by other British Commonwealth countries, except for Australia and South Africa.

Wearing of medals and ribbons

Order of Wear

Q. Where can I find the official Order of Wear for medals by New Zealanders?

A. The official New Zealand Order of Wear is maintained by the Honours Unit, Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet. The current version of the official New Zealand Order of Wear is published on the Honours Unit website.  A guide to the correct order of wear of New Zealand orders, decorations and medals, based on the official New Zealand Order of Wear, is provided on the NZDF Medals website.

NZDF Medal Mounting Standard (FAQ added on 12 July 2012)

Q. Where can I find the NZ Defence Force Medal Mounting Standard?

A. See the Wearing Medals page of our website.

New Zealand Fire Service

Q. Can I wear the New Zealand Fire Brigades Long Service and Good Conduct Medal (NZFBLSGCM) on New Zealand military uniform?

A. Yes, the NZFBLSGCM is an official medal issued by the New Zealand Government and so can be worn on New Zealand military uniform.  The position of the NZFBLSGCM can be seen in our website's guide to the correct order of wear of New Zealand orders, decorations and medals.

Q. Can I wear the New Zealand Rural Fire Force (NZRFF) long service medal, the NZRFF volunteers medal and the United Fire Brigades Association Service Medal on New Zealand military uniform?

A. No. The medals of the various fire associations, United Fire Brigades Association, Fire Police Association, NZ Rural Fire Force or the International Year of the Volunteer, whilst highly regarded by the recipients, are nevertheless unofficial and thus may not be worn on NZDF or NZ Police uniform, and they must not be mounted with official medals. Only official medals, usually from Her Majesty The Queen or the Head of State of a foreign Government, are allowed to be worn on NZDF or NZ Police uniform or with official NZ medals.

Q. I hold the New Zealand General Service Medal (Solomon Islands) and the New Zealand Operational Service Medal. Am I I allowed to wear my ribbon bar with my New Zealand Fire Service uniform?

A. The New Zealand Fire Service is a Government agency within a country for which Her Majesty The Queen is the Head of State. Therefore, all awards approved for wear in the official Order of Wear may be worn on the Fire Service uniform and any other official New Zealand agency uniform. A Government agency may stipulate that no medals or ribbons are be worn on their uniform.  However, a Government agency may not stipulate that only their own Long Service and Good Conduct Medal be worn on their uniform.

Medals for service in the First and Second World Wars

Q. My grandfather served in the First World War. Have his medals been issued? How do I find out what medals he was awarded?

A. Information on how to find out the answers is given on the Application Forms page of our website under the heading 'First World War service'.

Q. My great-grandfather died at Gallipoli. Has anyone claimed the ANZAC Commemorative Medallion?

A. Information on how to find out the answer is given on the Application Forms page of our website under the heading 'First World War service'.

Q. My uncle never spoke much about his service in the Second World War. He died ten years ago. What medals did he earn? Did he ever apply for those medals?

A. Information on how to find out the answers is given on the Application Forms page of our website under the heading 'Second World War service'.

Q. I found my father's Second World War medals in an old box in his attic. He has never worn them. They are not mounted, and the ribbons, stars and round medals are all mixed together in a random pile. Neither he or I can figure out which ribbon belongs to which star or medal. Can you tell us which go together?

A. You should be able to match the ribbons and medals using the thumbnail images of Second World War medals on our website.  If there are some other medals in the same box (perhaps awarded for gallantry), you may be able to identify these via the other thumbnail images on the same page. If there are still some mystery medals please feel free to contact us by one of the options listed in the General Enquiries section of our website. A photo would assist us to answer your question (though we are still working on upgrading our Contact Form to accept images or forms being uploaded, so we may need to send you an e-mail address to send the digital photo too).

You can also search the thumbnail images for medals from other wars or other periods of military service, including the First World War and the South African / Boer War.  Or search the thumbnail images of just the ribbons by themselves.

Medals for operational service, war service or campaign service, including recently created medals, and medals from foreign governments

a)  All operational service since 3 September 1945- including Korea, Malaysia and Vietnam

Q. I have heard that there is a medal for all operational service since 3 September 1945.  My brother died in Korea and as far as I know I am his sole remaining next of kin. Can I receive the medal on his behalf?

A. This medal is the New Zealand Operational Service Medal and it was instituted in 2002. You will need to write to the Medals Office, Headquarters New Zealand Defence Force, Private Bag 905, Upper Hutt 5140 with the following information: your brother's full name, rank and number as well as your full name, proof of relationship and current contact details. The Medals Office staff will contact you to answer your question.

b)  Korea

Q. I have a friend who wears the Korean War Service Medal on his medal bar. Although he did serve in Korea, I have been told that he is not entitled to wear this medal. Is that correct?

A. Your friend is entitled to wear the medal. In 2001 The Queen approved the unrestricted wear of the Korean War Service Medal by former New Zealand military personnel. It is, however, worn at the right hand end of the medal bar with other 'foreign awards', immediately after any long service awards, but before any 'foreign awards' for later service (such as the South Vietnamese Campaign Medal).

c)  Malaysia

Q. I have heard that the Government of Malaysia offered a medal to New Zealand in about 2005 to recognise service by New Zealanders during the Malayan Emergency and the Indonesian Confrontation. Is this information correct?

A. The full answer is given in the Pingat Jasa Malaysia (PJM) Medal section below.

Q. Why do some ex-Army soldiers receive a British General Service Medal for their service in Malaya in the 1950s and 1960s and others receive a New Zealand General Service Medal?

A. Campaign medals for service in Malaya and Singapore are awarded based on the dates of the different types, phases and locations of operational service undertaken by British Commonwealth and/or New Zealand military personnel. They are not awarded based on the deployment dates of specific New Zealand units.

In 1950 the British Government instituted the General Service Medal (1918-62) with clasp 'Malaya' for Army and Air Force service in the Malayan Emergency. The British Government later determined that the end date for land based service in Malaya qualifying for this medal would be 31 July 1960.

In 1967 the British Government instituted the General Service Medal (1962) with clasp 'Malay Peninsula' to recognise Confrontation related military service on land in the Malay Peninsula or Singapore between 17 August 1964 and 12 June 1965. There were different dates for service at sea.

Until 1997 those New Zealand military personnel who had only served in Malaya between 1 August 1960 and 16 August 1964 received no medallic recognition for their service.

In the mid-1990s the New Zealand Government reviewed claims for medallic recognition from NZ military personnel who had served in Malaya in the period 1 August 1960 and 16 August 1964. The New Zealand Government decided that those who had served on border operations (in the four northern-most provinces of Malaya) should receive medallic recognition. This was why the New Zealand General Service Medal 1992 with clasp 'Malaya 1960-64' was instituted in 1997. Those who had only served in the south (e.g. Terendak) or centre of Malaya or in Singapore are not eligible for this medal.

For information on other retrospective medallic recognition for service see the 'For service in Malaya, the Malay Peninsula and Singapore 1948-1966' section of the Medals Initiatives 1992 to 2011 page of our website.

d)  Vietnam

Q. I served in Vietnam in 1970 with Victor Company. I have been awarded the Vietnam Medal for that service. Am I also eligible for the New Zealand General Service Medal 1992 (Warlike) with clasp "Vietnam"?

A. Yes, a person who served in Vietnam between 1 December 1962 and 27 January 1973 and has been awarded the Vietnam Medal, will be eligible for the NZGSM with clasp "Vietnam". Acting Prime Minister Jim Anderton told the Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association's annual meeting in Wellington on 1 October 2007 that the Government has agreed to extend the eligibility for the NZGSM with clasp "Vietnam" to those veterans who are currently eligible for the Vietnam Medal. New regulations for the NZGSM with clasp "Vietnam" are being prepared and they will give effect to the decision shortly. (More information on Jim Anderton's announcement can be found on the Archived News 2007 page of this website).

You will also be eligible for the New Zealand Operational Service Medal, if you have not yet applied for this medal which was instituted in 2002.

Update 29 February 2008:  Applications for the NZGSM with clasp "Vietnam" are now being accepted.  Application forms can be downloaded from the medal application forms page of this website.

Service at nuclear tests between 1956 and 1973

Q. I have heard that there is a medal for service at atmospheric nuclear tests at Christmas Island. Am I eligible for this medal?

A. This medal is the New Zealand Special Service Medal (Nuclear Testing). The dates of service which are recognised by this medal are listed in the Regulations for this medal. If you believe you are eligible, you should write to the Medals Office, Headquarters New Zealand Defence Force, Private Bag 905, Upper Hutt 5140, stating your full name, rank and official number and your current contact address. The Medals Office staff will research your file, and provide you with a response to your question.

Q.Does the award of the New Zealand Special Service Medal (Nuclear Testing) entitle me to the award of the New Zealand Operational Service Medal?

A. No, the award of the New Zealand Special Service Medal (Nuclear Testing) or any other NZSSM does not qualify a recipient for the award of the New Zealand Operational Service Medal (NZOSM).  This is because the NZOSM is only awarded for operational service.

Service related to the Erebus crash of 28 November 1979

Q. I have heard that there is a medal for service related to the Erebus crash of 28 November 1979. Am I eligible for this medal?

A. This medal is the New Zealand Special Service Medal (Erebus). The dates and locations of service which are recognised by this medal are listed in the Regulations for this medal. If you believe you are eligible, please send a completed application form to the Deputy Director Medals Policy, Defence Personnel Executivee, Headquarters New Zealand Defence Force, Private Bag, Wellington, New Zealand. HQNZDF staff will assess your application, and provide you with a response to your question.

Q.Does the award of the New Zealand Special Service Medal (Erebus) entitle me to the award of the New Zealand Operational Service Medal?

A. No, the award of the New Zealand Special Service Medal (Erebus) or any other NZSSM does not qualify a recipient for the award of the New Zealand Operational Service Medal (NZOSM).  This is because the NZOSM is only awarded for operational service.

Service in the Antarctic (FAQ added 10 September 2012)

Q. Is there a New Zealand medal for military service in the Antarctic? I served there in the 1960s.

A. There is no specific New Zealand medal for military service in the Antarctic, except for those New Zealand, United States and Australian military personnel and civilians directly involved in the recovery operations related to the Erebus crash of 28 November 1979 (see the Erebus FAQ above for more information on this recognition).

The New Zealand Defence Service Medal (NZDSM) recognises all loyal attested service by New Zealand military personnel, whether in New Zealand or overseas, and is the official recognition of service on land or air in Antarctica and in Antarctic waters and all other non-operational military service.

There is a long history of requests for the medallic recognition of non-operational service, including non-operational service in the Antarctic.

In 2009, the Honourable Dr Wayne Mapp, then Minister of Defence, directed that a Medallic Recognition Joint Working Group (JWG) be established to recommend equitable decisions about the medallic recognition of non-operational service, based on careful research and deliberation.

The subject of New Zealand medallic recognition for service in the Antarctic by New Zealand military personnel since 1946 was closely considered by the JWG before it made its recommendations.

The Government accepted the JWG’s recommendations about the eligibility criteria for the New Zealand Defence Service Medal (NZDSM).

Among those recommendations was one that clasps for the new medal should differentiate the broad types of service only. Accordingly, NZDSM clasps recognise service in the Regular Forces, the Territorial Forces, in Compulsory Military Training and on National Service. The Government agreed with the JWG’s conclusion that to institute clasps recognising service in particular geographical areas would neither be practical nor equitable, given the large number of places in which members of the New Zealand military have served since 1946.

The NZDSM recognises all loyal attested service by NZ military personnel, whether in New Zealand or overseas, and is the official recognition of service on land or air in Antarctica and in Antarctic waters and all other non-operational military service.

The Government has no plans to institute separate medallic recognition for non-operational service in the Antarctic.

Q. I received the United States Antarctica Service Medal while serving on OP DEEP FREEZE in the 1980s. Can I wear this on New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) uniform?

A. No, the wear of the United States Antarctica Service Medal is not permitted on NZDF uniform. You should consider the medal as a memento of your time in Antarctica.

Service in an area devastated by the earthquake and resulting Asian Tsunami of Boxing Day (26 December) 2004

Q. I have heard that there is a medal for service in an area devastated by the earthquake and resulting Asian Tsunami of Boxing Day 2004 . Am I eligible for this medal?

A. This medal is the New Zealand Special Service Medal (Asian Tsunami). Information on the types of service, and the required number of days of service, which are recognised by this medal are listed in the Regulations for this medal, and on the NZSSM (Asian Tsunami) information and application form page of the NZDF Medals website. Only service between 26 December 2004 and 26 December 2005 can be recognised by the award of this medal. The list announced by Prime Minister Helen Clark and Minister of Defence Phil Goff on 26 December 2005, of the 163 people initially identified as eligible to receive the NZSSM (Asian Tsunami) can be found on the NZSSM (Asian Tsunami) initial list of 163 eligible persons page of the NZDF Medals website. If you believe you are eligible, and are not on this initial list, you should send a completed application form to the Assistant Director Medals Policy, Personnel Branch, Headquarters New Zealand Defence Force, Private Bag, Wellington, New Zealand. HQNZDF staff will assess your application, and provide you with a response to your question. New Zealand Defence Force personnel and New Zealand Police personnel, whose names do not appear on the initial list of recipients, should note that their eligibility for the NZSSM (Asian Tsunami) is currently being assessed by either HQNZDF or the New Zealand Police.

Q.Does the award of the New Zealand Special Service Medal (Asian Tsunami) entitle me to the award of the New Zealand Operational Service Medal?

A. No, the award of the New Zealand Special Service Medal (Asian Tsunami) or any other NZSSM does not qualify a recipient for the award of the New Zealand Operational Service Medal (NZOSM).  This is because the NZOSM is only awarded for operational service.

Service in Darwin, Australia (FAQ added 10 September 2012)

Q. Is there a New Zealand medal for military service in Darwin, Australia? I served there in 2001 and again in 2011 supporting operations in East Timor / Timor-Leste.

A. There is no specific New Zealand medal for military service in Darwin.

Service in Darwin (except some service during the Second World War) is not categorised as operational service for the purposes of medallic recognition. The East Timor Medal, the New Zealand General Service Medal (Timor-Leste) and the New Zealand Operational Service Medal are only awarded for operational service.

The Government was aware that a wide range of military service overseas and in New Zealand does not meet the strict criteria to be deemed operational service or special service. To recognise the value to New Zealand of such non-operational service, the New Zealand Defence Service Medal was instituted in April 2011. The NZDSM recognises attested military service since 3 September 1945 in the Regular Force, the Non-Regular Forces, the Compulsory Military Training scheme and the conscripted National Service scheme.

The NZDSM recognises all service by New Zealand military personnel, whether in New Zealand or overseas, and is the official recognition of service in Darwin and all other non-operational service personnel undertake during their military service.

The Queen’s Diamond Jubilee 2012 (FAQ added on 29 February 2012)

Q. Will New Zealand be awarding a medal for The Queen's Diamond Jubilee?

A. The New Zealand government will not be releasing a Diamond Jubilee medal, but has worked with New Zealand Post in its issuing of a commemorative coin.

Full details of the New Zealand government's plans to celebrate the The Queen's Diamond Jubilee were published in February 2012 on the Governor-General's website. Any questions should be directed to the Governor-General's staff via the official website.

The Queen’s Golden Jubilee Medal 2002

Q. While serving on exchange with a British unit in Bosnia in 2003 my British colleagues were presented with The Queen’s Golden Jubilee Medal 2002. Am I entitled to receive and wear this medal?

A. There is no approval for New Zealanders to accept and wear The Queen’s Golden Jubilee Medal (QGJM). The QGJM was instituted for uniformed members of the United Kingdom Armed Forces. including the Volunteer Reserves, Cadet Officers, Cadet Adult Instructors and the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. Subsequently, it was announced that members of the United Kingdom Emergency Services would also receive the medal. The basis of eligibility was the completion of five years or more qualifying service for individuals who were serving on 6 February 2002, the date of the 50th anniversary of The Queen's accession. This medal was, therefore, never offered to New Zealand.

Please note that British personnel who have been officially awarded this medal and who later join the NZDF will be entitled to wear this medal on their NZDF uniform, as per their other British service medals.

The Pingat Jasa Malaysia (PJM) Medal

- for service in Malaya / Malaysia 1957-1966, and in Singapore 1957-1965

Q. I have heard that the Government of Malaysia has recently awarded a medal to New Zealand to recognise service by New Zealanders during the Malayan Emergency and the Indonesian Confrontation. Is this information correct?

A. The Government of Malaysia has offered the Pingat Jasa Malaysia (PJM) medal to former New Zealand service personnel who served for a minimum of 90 days in Malaya or Malaysia between 31 August 1957 and 31 December 1966, or in Singapore between 31 August 1957 and 9 August 1965.  In 2005, Her Majesty The Queen has given Her approval for the unrestricted acceptance and wear of the PJM medal by those ex-New Zealand service persons who are deemed eligible to receive it.

The 7 September 2005 media statement by Prime Minister Helen Clark and Minister of Defence Mark Burton announcing Her Majesty's acceptance of the PJM medal can be viewed on the Archived News 2005 page of the NZDF Medals website.  The 11 July 2005 media statement by Prime Minister Helen Clark and Minister of Defence Mark Burton about the offer of the PJM medal is also included on the Archived News 2005 page of the NZDF Medals website.

Further details on the eligibility criteria, and downloadable application forms, can be found on the PJM medal information and application forms page of the NZDF Medals website.

How to find the citations for gallantry awards to New Zealand military personnel Since 1914

Q.My grandfather was awarded a Military Medal for gallantry during the Second World War. How to I find out why he was awarded the Military Medal?

A. Information on how to find the citations for gallantry awards to New Zealand military personnel for acts of gallantry since 1914 can be found here.

United Kingdom military veterans

Q. I served in the British Army in Malaya in the 1950s. How can I find out if I am eligible for any medals?

A. Please contact The Medal Office, United Kingdom Ministry of Defence.

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 This page was last reviewed 11 March, 2014 and is current.

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